Dear Shri Arvind Kejriwal,
We, the undersigned organisations and individuals committed to feminist principles and women’s and transpersons’ human rights, call upon the State government to recall and act in accordance with women rights standards in the state government’s response to COVID-19, especially in the context of the painful aftermath of the riots in North East Delhi and the humanitarian crisis that has followed the announcement of the lockdown.
Further, we wish to remind you that it is obligatory on the government to do due diligence in upholding standards of international law and state policy must not magnify existing gender inequality or force women and transpersons along with other marginalised communities into a greater humanitarian catastrophe. The challenges posed by COVID-19 must also take into account lived experiences of women, girls and transpersons who face greater challenges due to their sex, gender and sexual orientation.
I. Lockdown as a Public Health Measure rather than state policy of enforcing impoverishment, mass displacement and fatalities
The declaration of a lockdown without a comprehensive human rights, women’s rights and transperson’s rights framework means pushing entire communities into regimes of impoverishment that include increased morbidity and fatality, loss of livelihoods, hunger and starvation deaths, greater stigma and violence, increased state violence and absence of systems of state accountability, and the retreat of any urgent redress by the courts, where access is even possible.
1. While “social distancing” and “lockdown” has been described by the UN as ‘comprehensive and robust’, we would like to emphasise that the WHO has repeatedly emphasised testing, testing and more testing. Lockdown cannot succeed without targeted and wide scale testing. We urge the Delhi Government to ensure that free testing in the public and private sector be made available for all poor and deprivileged, especially all women, gender & sexual minorities and children in Delhi, including those who do not have a travel history. Private tests require the production of address proof by way of aadhar, passport or election card – however, many displaced persons may not have such proofs. The procedure must be simplified.
2. Soaps and sanitisers must be provided to all working class, displaced and marginalised women and gender & sexual minorities. Hand made masks may also be provided.
3. The government must take strict action against any form of police excess on women and gender & sexual minorities. Developing mechanisms for police accountability must be a priority for Delhi government since women and gender and sexual minorities in Delhi have been routinely experiencing police excess since the last few months without any trace of state accountability.
4. Issue a detailed memo on action taken by the State Governments since the time of receipt of information about COVID-19 in December 2019, with respect to the mass displacement of women migrants and children, and transpersons the measures taken to ascertain food, health and social security for riot affected, migrant, homeless, displaced, iterant, elderly, disabled, and single in Delhi.
5. Upload accurate information on how many women, children and gender and sexual minorities have been affected by or succumbed to Covid-19 and maintain a data base on the impact of Covid-19 on women, children, gender and sexual minorities in Delhi, as per age and social location.
The Delhi government must provide online services and telephonic helplines to all women and sexual & gender minorities in Delhi, so that they can consult doctors and lawyers for free if they face any health problems, or discrimination and violence due to COVID-19 lockdown and its aftermath.
Many students are facing immense problems due to violence in intimate partner relationships and a draconian abuse of power and even violence at the hands of campus security and/or the police. They need safe accommodation and state run shelter homes are not the solution. In countries like France hotel rooms have been made available for women to move into in case of domestic violence and similar forms of violence. The government could partner with hotels in the city for helping students facing discrimination, violence and health emergencies on the basis of their sex, gender and sexual orientation.
II. Health Bureaucracy is Gendered, and Women doing National Service are at Risk
The Delhi government must take note of the fact that the health bureaucracy is gendered with many women medics and health workers at the bottom of the health bureaucracy with the burden of containing and treating epidemics. At all levels of the health bureaucracy, the Delhi government should enact comprehensive measures to protect the health and safety of women health workers. Further,
1. We urge the Delhi government to ensure that all doctors, nurses and hospital staff, especially women, are given protective gear at the earliest and stocks are planned for the future. We have noted with concern that women doctors in the city do not have PPE or are having to make their own masks and sanitizers.
2. A protocol and comprehensive measures for ensuring the health of all health and women relief workers working in mohalla clinics (including ASHA workers or ANMs) must be worked out and implemented by the Delhi government without any further delay.
3. Further, women doctors and hospital staff all over the city and indeed the country are facing discrimination, evictions and even rape threats. The Delhi government is requested to set up a task force to assess the problem women doctors, nurses and hospital staff, as well as the para medical workers, are facing. And set up helplines to assist women who face societal or workplace backlash due to the COVID-19 crisis.
4. The women doctors, nurses and staff should be provided safe accommodation, assured health insurance, safe transport and home care assistance.
5. We urge the Delhi government further to create a fund for women scientists and researchers to be able to work on discovering a cure for COVID-19.
III. Sexual and Reproductive Health
Many women, children and transpersons face sexual abuse, dowry harassment, cruelty, intimate partner abuse and/or domestic violence at home. The media has reported the increase in the number of calls received by the National Commission of Women. During a lockdown, the victims of sexual abuse, matrimonial violence and domestic violence are not able to access safe spaces in their neighbourhoods, with their relatives or in shelter homes. Sociologists predict that cases of domestic violence, matrimonial violence, sexual abuse and other forms of abuse will increase with mobility restrictions especially during a lockdown. Children also may face enhanced chances of sexual abuse. Adult women and women students should not be forced to return to abusive homes, yet face evictions from Universities or hostels or rented accommodation.
1. The Delhi government must set up helplines and short stay homes for victims of sexual abuse and domestic violence for survivors wanting to escape abuse conditions during the lockdown.
2. Counsellors must be made available for women to call to deal with the violence and stress of the lockdown. Disseminate information about gender-based violence and publicize resources and services available
3. The Delhi government must increase resourcing for nongovernmental organizations that respond to domestic violence and provide assistance — including shelter, counselling, and legal aid — to survivors, and promote those that remain open are available. The DSLSA must provide legal aid and support to women and sexual minorities in need during the lockdown.
4. The Delhi government must develop protocol for the care of women and transpersons who may not be admitted in hostels or shelters due to exposure to the virus which includes safe quarantine and access to testing
5. A legal aid program at the empanelling lawyers who are working from home must be set up and cases of rape, cruelty and abuse must be considered urgent matters for the courts to hear during the lockdown. Make provisions for domestic violence survivors to attend court proceedings via accessible teleconference. DSLSA must take on such cases.
6. The Delhi government must ensure urgent release/parole for women and gender &sexual minorities who are convicted or under trial. The Delhi government must develop and implement measures to to protect all prisoners and undertrials from the impact of COVID-19 in all state prisons. This means ensuring that the international health protocols for sanitation, hygiene, soap, water, cots, spare pair of clothes, adequate nutrition and regular health checks, at the very minimum. There should be a task force set up for this purpose that reviews each district level prison.
7. The Delhi government must develop and implement urgent measures to protect inmates of all state institutions such as protection homes, beggars homes, observation homes, juvenile homes, and related institutions from the impact of COVID-19 in all state institutions. This means ensuring that the international health protocols for sanitation, hygiene, soap, water, cots, spare pair of clothes, adequate nutrition and regular health checks, at the very minimum. There should be a task force set up for this purpose that oversees and reviews the implementation of the protocol.
8. The Delhi government must provide free education to all girls in schools and women in colleges, from dis-privileged backgrounds, for a year. The lockdown may result in increased drop outs and families forcing women to get married instead of pursuing studies and careers. Special measures must be instituted for ensuring that gender and sexual minorities in schools and colleges do not face discrimination, violence and lack of access to health services including protection from discrimination, scholarships and counselling services.
IV. Discourage Non-Secular, Racist, Sexist and Casteist Messaging
The Delhi government must explain what COVID-19 is to women, and gender & sexual minorities in simple and accessible language without creating panic. In doing so, the Delhi government must recognise that stay at home, curfew and lockdown orders could pose life threatening situations for women.
1. The Delhi government is responsible to educate people that the status of sanitation workers in society is not at the bottom of social hierarchy, but an essential service and they should be accorded with dignity and worthy of basic human rights. We insist that the state government recognise that underlying the call for social distancing is the evil of untouchability and that the most valuable public service today is provided by those communities who are treated in cruel, degrading and inhuman ways.
2. The language of social distancing reinforces caste discrimination and codes of untouchability. The Delhi government therefore must develop communication kits that emphasise that physical (or disease) distancing with social solidarity rather than use the term social distancing.
3. The messaging of the state government should make it clear that COVID-19 afflicted are not impure, contagious or populations that have to be treated as “termites” who must be “disinfected” to contain contagion.
4. It is a matter of public record that there has been a media campaign against the Chinese which has been extended to people from the North East in the city identifying the contagion with entire communities of people. The Delhi government must advertise that the law on prevention of atrocities may be applicable in such cases. There should be active and responsible collaborations with activists and human rights defenders and other NGOs to prevent further discrimination and violence against people from the North East in Delhi city. Prevention should be planned for schools, university campuses, hostels, neighbourhoods, RWAs, hospitals, among other sites.
5. There should be no tolerance for Islamophobic speech or practices of boycott, ostracisation or any other degrading practice that attributes the virus to entire communities of Muslims. Such speech should be considered discriminatory and therefore a form of hate speech liable to legal action and compensation; and such practices tantamount to cruel, degrading and inhuman treatment amounting to torture.
6. There should be no tolerance for xenophobic speech or practices of boycott, ostracisation or any other degrading practice that attributes the virus to entire communities of people from the North East or from China. Such speech or practice should be considered discriminatory and therefore a form of hate speech and atrocity liable to legal action and compensation.
7. Campus security and RWAs must be clearly directed not to beat up students or residents in overzealous implementation of the lock down.
8. Sexist language such as the use of Lakshman Rekha, is offensive to us for it places the burden of patriarchal discrimination on all women. The idea that anyone who goes out of the house, especially women will be transgressing state morality and deserving of the violence they get is abhorrent to us. While it indicates to us the lack of sensitivity to the reality that the being locked up in the house is not safe for scores of transpersons, women and children, who are often victims of sexual abuse and domestic violence.
9. Sexist and racist violence against Muslims and all religious minorities, and the people of North East must be discouraged through positive messaging. The Delhi government helpline must respond to the calls of those who are victims of such verbal and physical violence.
V. Sexual and Reproductive Rights
There is no acknowledgment of the fact that the state needs to ensure for sexual and reproductive rights of all women and transpersons during the lockdown. The State government must do the following:
1. It should notify and advertise that abortions are essential and emergency services.
2. Supply of condoms, pills and sanitary napkins as essential services that ought to be available to every woman. This should be provided from door to door, in vulnerable communities and as part of ration supplies.
3. The State government must ensure nutritious meals for pregnant women, health checks for pregnant women, supply of medicines and health care for pregnant women and provisions for safe deliveries. Health care for new born babies and provisions for their nutrition must be provided.
4. Permission for ambulances, curfew passes for family of the woman in labour and COVID-19 protection for the mother & child must be ensured.
VI. Substantive Equality Must be Upheld
1. Muslim women and children in the aftermath of the Delhi riots are a vulnerable population whose well-being the Delhi government must urgently address. The resettlement, compensation for destroyed homes and livelihoods, food, health security, psycho-social healing, life insurance and livelihood of the displaced and those who were forced to return to their homes should be addressed with utmost urgency. The state government and the DCW must provide support to women’s organisations and civil society groups working to assist displaced women to rebuild lives. Information of the action taken, especially of compensation, on this front must be uploaded on the Delhi government and DCW website. A helpline for Muslim women preferably run by Muslim women must be set up given the fact that many Muslim neighbourhoods remain vulnerable to police harassment, and lodging of criminal cases. Delhi government must recognise that Muslim women increasingly face social bias and cannot access courts, lawyers or hospitals without discrimination and threat of violence. The reports of the civil society groups from the violence hit mohallas of the North East Delhi is a testimony to the discrimination Muslim women and men faced in the hospitals and at the hands of the police. These facts are a matter of public record. Such forms of discrimination against minorities must be taken seriously and a task force and a protocol must be set up in Delhi government to ensure justice for women from minority communities. Discrimination on the basis of religion in the provision of service at the public hospitals or in the Police Stations must be acted upon not only as dereliction of duty but as misconduct and bias. They should not be refused medical help, stigmatised or stereotyped if identified or diagnosed as vulnerable to COVID-19 or as COVID-19 patients.
2. The Delhi government must recognise the grave risk to all dalit women, children and transpersons including safai karmacharis, and all caste communities in the sanitation sector (formal and informal). Not only should all of these workers and their families be provided safety gears, they should be given increased wages, health insurance and services, and life insurance. Their national service should be recognised that sanitation work is the most crucial and critical aspects of public health, especially during the times of a pandemic. Contract labour must end in the sanitation sector and all sanitation workers should be regularised and paid a decent wage to help them open up opportunities should their next generation wish to pursue other occupation. Food security, testing, gears and health care must be provided to all such workers and their families free of cost in recognition of their essential service.
3. The Delhi government must recognise that the women, transpersons and children migrants who have been displaced and face police violence also run the risk of sexual abuse and even trafficking. Their safe passage, accommodation, food and health security must be ensured and monitored by the Delhi government . CSOs, Women’s groups and groups working for the rights of gender and sexual minorities who are already on the ground or have the capacity to ensure the safety of migrants should be approached for partnership by the Delhi government .
4. Widows, elderly women and single women and transpersons must be identified as vulnerable populations who are left without any support structure during the lockdown. CSOs and women’s groups who routinely work with these most vulnerable should be approached to identify such women.
5. Special provisions for domestic workers, daily wagers, sex workers, single women, elderly women, widows such as food deliveries, essential commodities delivery and access to health. Such people can only be identified through community groups working with them. The Delhi government must open communication lines with these groups and set up mechanisms to get updates from them even in non-emergency times. Door-to-door ration deliveries should be arranged with WHO guidelines of sanitisation and hygiene in place.
6. Special food and health security must be provided to all sex workers which must include access to essential commodities, health care and an assured income. Sex workers face stigma, exploitation and severe discrimination in hospitals and at the hands of police. The Delhi government must ensure in partnership with CSOs that they are not denied public services. Door-to-door ration deliveries should be arranged with WHO guidelines of sanitisation and hygiene in place.
7. The Delhi government must ensure that food and health security is provided to all transgender persons which must include access to essential commodities, health care and an assured income. Transgender people face violence and severe discrimination in hospitals and at the hands of police. The Delhi government must ensure in partnership with CSOs that they are not denied public services. Door-to-door ration deliveries should be arranged with WHO guidelines of sanitisation and hygiene in place.
8. Provide extra financial and mental health support for families caring for children with disabilities.
9. Delhi has a rural population of almost 2 million (2011 Census data). Lock down provisions must allow women in rural, peri-urban and urban villages of Delhi to access open areas for defecation where necessary in the absence of adequate toilets. Women must be allowed to fetch water where such access does not exist within households and government must take all steps to assure access to drinking water and for maintaining personal hygiene. The Union home ministry has exempted agricultural operations by farmers and farm workers in the fields from the Disaster Management Act. We urge the Delhi government to make clear a statement for such exemption in Delhi so that men and women farmers and farm labour are able to harvest their Rabi crop, and collect fodder for their cattle herds where such fodder is not provided under the essential services, all of these while maintaining norms of physical distancing and social solidarity. Since most of these rural workers are farm labour or marginal farmers, extending crop insurance and access to economic subsistence resources to tide over the crisis and enabling them to bring produce to the mandis through public services must be ensured.
10. The gender budget for meeting the challenges that women and transpersons face during this health emergency and the lockdown must be announced. The Delhi government must call a meeting of GB experts and identify priorities of all gender and sexual minorities to set aside a budget and feed it into the national economic package for the vulnerable announced by the government.
Further, we endorse the 10 UN Treaty Bodies’ statement that ‘security measures, should be guided by human rights principles and should not, in any circumstances, be an excuse to quash dissent’. Protest sites which are now vacated or graffiti on walls have been removed, defaced or attacked. We condemn this and demand that women’s and transpersons’ right to dissent not be curtailed. The lockdown must NOT produce further morbidity and death of women, transpersons and children. Rather a robust perspective on women’s rights and the rights of gender & sexual minorities must animate state policy on COVID-19 which is inclusive, non-discriminatory, participatory and diverse.
We offer these suggestions without replacing the need for engagement and feedback from all women’s, gender & sexual minorities rights and human rights groups, rather this is a plea that governments engage with marginalised communities and include them decision making and recognise diversity in leadership. We appeal to you to recognise that lockdown outside the framework of health rights, women’s rights and human’s rights has created a mammoth humanitarian crisis that must not be treated only with a framework of policing and punishment. We hope that the Delhi government will take our proposals in a constructive spirit and help the women and gender & sexual minorities in the city in these times of crisis.
1. Afreen Faridi, Jawaharlal Nehru University
2. Aishwarya Kothare, Jawaharlal Nehru University
3. Ajita Rao, Women against Sexual violence and State repression (WSS)
4. Amreen Murad, activist
5. Amrita Shodhan, SOAS, University of London
6. Angbin Yasmin, New Delhi
7. Anindya Sinha, National Institute of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru
8. Anubha Rastogi, Independent Lawyer
9. Anuradha PatI, Development Professional
11.Archana Prasad, Jawaharlal Nehru University
13.Arunima N, Jindal Global Law School
14.Ayesha Kidwai, Jawaharlal Nehru University
15.Bidisha Mahanta, Zubaan
16.Brinelle D’souza, TISS
17.Dawood Faisal Jawaharlal Nehru University
18.Debjani, I P College
19.Deepti Bharti, National Federation of Indian Women, Delhi Unit
20.Devanik Saha, Institute of Development Studies
21.Devika, Jawaharlal Nehru University
22.Dolan Samanta, M.phil Research Scholar, Jawaharlal Nehru University
23.Dr Padma Bhate-Deosthali, Senior Advisor CEHAT
24.Dr V Rukmini Rao, Executive Director, Gramya Resource Centre for Women, Telegana
25.Dr. Janaki Abraham, Delhi University
26.Dr. Mira Shiva, Initiative for Health & Equity in Society
27.Feminists in Resistance
28.Gabriele.D, Pennurimai Iyakkam
29.Gautam Banerjee, Tata Global Beverage
30.Gayatri Nair, IIITD
31.Govind Kelkar, India
33.Health, Ethics and Law Institute, Mumbai-Pune
34.Honey, Ambedkar University Delhi
35.Indira Chandrasekhar, Tulika Books
36.Indira Unninayar, Advocate, Supreme Court & Delhi High Court
37.Ishani Butalia, Zubaan
40.Janaki Nair, formerly Professor, Jawaharlal Nehru University
41.Jashodhara Dasgupta, Independent Researcher
42.Jayati Lal, Wake Forest University
44.Jhuma Sen, Jindal Global Law School
46.Julie George, Women’s rights Lawyer
47.Kalyani Menon Sen, Feminist Learning Partnerships
48.Kamla Bhasin, Social Activist
49.Karuna D.W., Visiting Faculty, Azim Premji University
51.Kavita Krishnan, All India Progressive Women’s Association, AIPWA
52.Madhavi, Student, Jawaharlal Nehru University
53.Madhu Sahni, Jawaharlal Nehru University
54.Manjari Charitable Trust
56.Meena Gupta (retired civil servant)
57.Meghna Singh, Zubaan
59.Nadia Singh, Northumbria University, Newcastle, UK
60.National Domestic Workers Union
61.Navdeep Mathur, IIM Ahmedabad
62.Navpreet Kaur, JDMC, Delhi University.
64.Navsharan Singh, Researcher
67.Nitika Khaitan, PUDR
68.P K Vijayan, Hindu College, Delhi University
69.Pallavi Gupta, Researcher
71.Parnal Chirmuley, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi
72.Pradip Datta, Jawaharlal Nehru University
73.Pratiksha Baxi, CSLG, Jawaharlal Nehru University
74.Priyaleen Singh/SPA Delhi
75.Prof Ritu Dewan, Director & Professor (R), University of Mumbai
76.Professor (Dr.) Manjula Batra, Dean, Faculty of Law, SGT University, Gurugram
80.Rajini R Menon, Oxfam India
81.Rakhi Sehgal, New Delhi
82.Richa Jairaj Independent Researcher
83.RJM Desai, Independent Researcher and Consultant
84.Sagari R Ramdas , Food Sovereignty Alliance, India
85.Saheli, New Delhi
86.Sangeeta Rege CEHAT
89.Saumya Dadoo, Detention Solidarity Network
92.Shaunna Rodrigues, Columbia University
93.Sheena Jain, Jamia Millia Islamia (retired)
94.Shewli, Tata Institute of Social Sciences
95.Shweta Vachani, New Delhi
96.Siddhesh Gooptu, Zubaan
98.Soma KP, Makaam NFT, Delhi
99.Sonal Kellogg/ Sabfree Foundation
102.Sucharita Sen, Jawaharlal Nehru University
103.Sujata Patel, Indian Institute of Advanced Study
105.Suneeta Dhar, Activist
106.Suranjan Sinha, independent researcher, formerly University of Delhi.
107.Swastee Ranjan, University of Sussex
108.Tejaswi Chhatwal, Research Scholar
110.Urvashi Butalia, Zubaan
111.Urvashi Vashist, Nirantar
113.Vaskar Mech, Jawaharlal Nehru University
114.Venkatachala G Hegde
116.Vikas Rawal, Jawaharlal Nehru University
118.Vrinda Grover, Lawyer
Cc: Ms. Swati Mahliwal, The Delhi Commission for Women